By Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick
In essays written together by means of experts on Soviet and German heritage, the individuals to this ebook reconsider and transform the character of Stalinism and Nazism and identify a brand new method for viewing their histories that is going well past the now-outdated twentieth-century types of totalitarianism, ideology, and character. Doing the hard work of comparability supplies us the capacity to envision the historicity of the 2 outstanding regimes and the wreckage they've got left. With the top of the chilly warfare and the cave in of the Soviet Union, students of Europe are not any longer careworn with the political luggage that constricted learn and conditioned interpretation and feature entry to hitherto closed information. The time is correct for a clean examine the 2 sizeable dictatorships of the 20 th century and for a go back to the unique motive of notion on totalitarian regimes - knowing the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in eu and international historical past.
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Extra resources for Cambridge Beyond Totalitarianism Stalinism And Nazism Compared
Second, comparison can also be used as an explanatory strategy. A simple example: if one believes that the practice of identifying entire population categories for arrest and execution is a product of Communist class-based ideology, then the same practice inspired by a race-based ideology in Nazi Germany complicates that argument. But this is, perhaps, too simple – because the stakes here are very high indeed. 93 Nolte claimed that genocidal violence was a Bolshevik invention that had to be dated back to the Russian Civil War.
Here, the challenge is twofold. First, it consists in embedding each regime in its respective national history – and, not least, in acknowledging the sheer durability of the Soviet Union as a twentieth-century phenomenon and the short-lived, explosive nature of the National Socialist regime. Second, the challenge is to make sense of the rash of dictatorships that covered Europe and the world in the first half of the twentieth century, of which Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany were by all counts the most prominent, most hard-headed, and most violent.
Jochen Hellbeck, Revolution on My Mind: Writing a Diary under Stalin (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006); Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997). Samuel Moyn, “Of Savagery and Civil Society: Pierre Clastres and the Transformation of French Political Thought,” Modern Intellectual History 1, no. 1 (2004): 55–80. Hans Maier, Totalitarianism and Political Religions: Concepts for the Comparison of Dictatorships, trans.
Cambridge Beyond Totalitarianism Stalinism And Nazism Compared by Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick