Read e-book online American Arsenal: A Century of Waging War PDF

By Patrick Coffey

ISBN-10: 0199959757

ISBN-13: 9780199959754

Whilst the USA declared struggle on Germany in 1917, the us had basically 200,000 males less than palms, a 20th of the German army's power, and its planes have been no fit for the German air strength. under a century later, the U.S. this day has by means of a ways the world's greatest army finances and offers over forty% of the world's armaments. In American Arsenal Patrick Coffey examines America's army transformation from an isolationist country to a global superpower. targeting fifteen particular advancements, Coffey illustrates the unplanned, usually haphazard nature of this modification, which has been pushed via political, army, technological, and advertisement pursuits. starting with Thomas Edison's paintings on submarine expertise, American Arsenal strikes from international warfare I to the current conflicts within the center East, masking issues from chemical guns, strategic bombing, and the nuclear standoff with the Soviet Union, to "smart" bombs, hand held anti-aircraft missiles, and the Predator and different drone aircrafts. Coffey strains the tale of every develop in weaponry from drafting board to battlefield, and contains attention-grabbing images of the boys who invented and deployed them -Edward Teller, "the father of the hydrogen bomb", Robert Oppenheimer, head of atomic bomb layout at Los Alamos; Curtis LeMay, who led the fire-bombing of Japan; Herman Kahn, nuclear strategist and a version for Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove; Abraham Karem, inventor of the Predator, and so on. Coffey additionally examines the more and more indifferent nature of contemporary American war- the last word target is to take away squaddies from the battlefield fullyyt- which limits casualties (211,454 in Vietnam and basically 1,231 within the Gulf conflict) but additionally lessens the political and mental expenses of going to battle. studying the backstories of each significant American guns improvement, American Arsenal is vital examining for a person attracted to the continued evolution of the U.S. protection application.

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Two months after that, Mitchell began lobbying for an independent air arm. ”8 He did not get all that he asked for. Pershing agreed to a separate “GHQ [General Headquarters] reserve”—he refused to use the term “strategic”—but he did not assign its command to Mitchell’s boss Gen. Mason Patrick, the chief of the Air Service, instead keeping it under the Army General Staff. It was this GHQ reserve, greatly augmented by Allied planes, that Mitchell would command in battle. On September 12, 1918, Mitchell led the largest concentration of aircraft that had yet operated under a single commander: 1,481 pursuit planes, observation planes, bombers, and balloons, mostly provided by America’s † The term “dogfight” for aerial combat came into use in the latter days of World War I.

The substance was likely first synthesized by the Rev. Julius Nieuwland, a Catholic priest at the University of Notre Dame, in 1904. But Captain Winford Lee Lewis, an Army chemist, is the undisputed father of Lewisite as a weapon. While mustard gas had proven to be an extremely effective blistering agent, it was considered too persistent to be used on the offensive—it hung around so long that it would poison the attacker’s own troops as they moved into territory that the enemy had abandoned. It had another disadvantage: its physiological action is delayed for hours, like a particularly hellish poison ivy, so enemy troops were often not immediately aware they had been gassed and would continue fighting.

30 Unwilling to release the Board of Investigation’s damning report, Daniels called for a formal court of inquiry (which included Lt. Chester Nimitz, later fleet admiral). Daniels delayed releasing that court’s report until December 30, 1916, almost a year after the accident, possibly hoping that it would receive little notice during the holiday season. ”32 By then there was no way for Edison to make a graceful exit from the Navy, even had he wanted to do so. In December 1916, before the release of the court’s report, Daniels had visited Edison in New Jersey and told 24 ■ AMERICAN ARSENAL him that the Allies were at risk of defeat by German submarines.

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American Arsenal: A Century of Waging War by Patrick Coffey

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