By Sir Leon Radzinowicz
Sir Leon Radzinowicz is likely one of the key figures within the improvement of criminology within the 20th century. This account of the advance of criminology intertwines his own narrative as a criminologist with the development of criminology itself. His event won from a occupation which has spanned 70 years because the Nineteen Twenties, deals a profound review of ways the knowledge of crime and criminals, of felony justice platforms and penology has replaced, and of the tensions and dilemmas those pose for democratic societies.
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Extra resources for Adventures in Criminology
Going beyond traditional punishment Viewing the project as a whole, it is undeniable that what attracted most attention everywhere was its system of ‘measures of security’. ‘Sichernde Maßnahmen’, ‘misure di sicurezza’ and ‘mesures de sûreté’ were the nomenclatures given to it in German, Italian and French professional literature and practice. In English the term ‘security measures’ seems to be a faithful translation but is rather unfortunate, for it carries the connotation of being some sort of police measure, or some kind of emergency measure facing an imminent danger.
The discretionary power of the judges on criminal matters had been extended along the lines of Ferri’s project, not in order to ensure enlightened individualization but to make it easier to hit hard both actual and potential offenders. For the same reason, the state of danger was accepted as one of the criteria to determine the quality and degree of punishment to be imposed. Indeterminate sentences which replaced punishment were rejected. Instead a constellation of security measures of very long duration were introduced for certain categories of ‘dangerous’ offenders.
It was for us, jurists and criminologists, to harbour and foster a firm belief that this future will also bring with it a solution to the formidable problem of criminality which like a dismal shadow seems to follow humanity for ever. Happy are those who will live in this golden age. There were many at that time, besides me, who were infected by such an exhilarating and touchingly naïve optimism. But there were also those who had begun to witness at closer quarters a frightening regression. And not so much later a mass of humanity was to be annihilated by evil forces in their seemingly insuperable ascendancy.
Adventures in Criminology by Sir Leon Radzinowicz