By Erika Harrell
Harrell makes use of a number of waves of the nationwide early life Survey to degree no matter if Agnew s normal pressure idea (GST) may perhaps clarify the connection among adolescent victimization and delinquency. She examines the results of victimization on kinds of delinquency throughout racial and gender teams. the most premise of the GST, that elevated pressure in a person can result in elevated antisocial habit, is supported right here. Adolescent victimization, as a resource of pressure, raises antisocial habit. despite the fact that, the impression of adolescent victimization delinquency did differ throughout racial and gender teams.
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Extra resources for Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior
Fagan (2003) and Menard (2002) both used the NYS and used victimization information from the NYS respondents when the respondents were between and including the ages of 11 and 17 in 1976. Both authors referred to victimization during these years as adolescent victimization. Also, other researchers not using the National Youth Survey have operationalized adolescent victimization as occurring during those years as well (Shaffer and Rubach 2002). The current study also included victimization at age 18 as adolescent victimization, which is consistent with other researcher as well who did not use the NYS (Caviola and Schiff 1988).
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Adolescent victimization, an indicator of negative stimuli in general strain theory, will be positively related to violent offending. Adolescent victimization will be positively related to illicit drug use. Adolescent victimization will be positively related to nonviolent, non-drug offending. Due to gender differences in reactions to strain, adolescent victimization will have a greater positive effect in predicting illicit drug use in females than in males. Due to gender differences in reactions to strain, adolescent victimization will have a greater positive effect in predicting violent offending in males than in females.
1990; StouthamerLoeber et al. 2001). Still, others do not designate whether abuse occurred during childhood or adolescence and simply refer to the maltreatment as victimization (Durant et al. 1994; Edwall et al. 1989; Harrison et al. 1989; Harrison et al. 1997; Harrison and Hoffman 1989; Review of Research on Victimization and Delinquency 23 Heck and Walsh 2000; Kilpatrick et al. 2000; Lewis et al. 1979; Perez 2000, 2001; Van Hasselt et al. 1992; Zingraff et al. 1994). Due to the lack of consensus in the research literature and the vague definitions of childhood and adolescence, it is up to the researcher to operationalize childhood and adolescent victimization.
Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior by Erika Harrell