By Dominique Robert
Built via Bruno Latour and his collaborators, actor-network concept (ANT) bargains crimes reviews a useful highbrow problem. It calls for us to take the performativity flip, contemplate the position of items in our research and conceptualize all actants (human and non-human) as relational beings. hence strength isn't the estate of 1 social gathering, yet fairly it truly is an influence of the relationships between actants. This cutting edge assortment presents a sequence of empirical and theoretical contributions that shows:- the significance of conceptualizing and interpreting applied sciences as the most important actants in crime andcrime control.- the various elements of ANT: its numerous makes use of, its theoretical mixing with different methods, itsmethodological implications for the field.- The fruitfulness of ANT for learning applied sciences and crime reviews: its power and boundaries for figuring out the area and revamping crime reports learn goals.Students, teachers and policy-makers will reap the benefits of analyzing this assortment so that it will discover criminology-related subject matters otherwise.
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Built by way of Bruno Latour and his collaborators, actor-network thought (ANT) bargains crimes reviews a valuable highbrow problem. It calls for us to take the performativity flip, contemplate the position of gadgets in our research and conceptualize all actants (human and non-human) as relational beings. therefore energy isn't the estate of 1 get together, yet particularly it's an impact of the relationships between actants.
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Additional resources for Actor-network Theory and Crime Studies: Explorations in Science and Technology
6 These works highlight the different factors that have contributed to the development of open-street CCTV. Political and institutional factors are regularly addressed. Thus, while Fyfe and Bannister (1996) attribute the development of CCTV to the “New Right Law and Order Policy”, Pete Fussey (2008) considers the advent of the New Labour Government’s crime reduction strategy as the main factor in the spread of CCTV. Whatever the political trend, the fact that the British Government invested heavily in CCTV installation7 was decisive.
ANT is a powerful analytical framework which helps understand how collective action is produced. It makes social regularities appear in the innovation processes. References Akrich, M. and Callon, M. 2004. , edited by P. Artières and P. Lascoumes. Paris: Presses de Science Po, 295-317. Akrich, M. and Méadel, C. 1996. Anthropologie de la télésurveillance en milieu privé. Report Pirvilles-CNRS and IHESI. Paris: Centre de sociologie de l’innovation. D. and Lyon, D. eds. 2012. Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies.
In some cases, then, there are proactive “interessement processes”. Besides the enrolment of users, CCTV development can rely on, and at the same time promote, the conversion of former opponents. In Lyon and Saint-Étienne, the growth of CCTV paradoxically resulted in the neutralization of municipal opponents. 16 Similarly, the adoption of “ethics guidelines”17 and/ or the setting up of “ethics committees”18 was a way of fending off criticisms about any potential threat to individual liberties caused by CCTV.
Actor-network Theory and Crime Studies: Explorations in Science and Technology by Dominique Robert